Expert Climbs and Exciting Treks

Although Mount Kilimanjaro tops the list as Africa’s most famous and highest mountain, Tanzania boasts many other mountain ranges and attractive peaks. Most of the country’s mountains and volcanoes are located in the north and east of the country. They vary from the dramatic crater of Mt. Meru and active volcanos of Oldonyo Lengai to tamer options like the Usambara Mountains and the comparatively gentle slopes of the Crater Highlands.

Climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro

It is the highest free-standing mountain in the world created by a dormant but not extinct volcano, rising dramatically from the African plains and reaching an altitude of 5,895 m. It can be climbed by various routes over a period of between five to ten days.

The various trails (Marangu, Machame, Mweka, Shira, Lemosho, Rongai and Umbwe) pass through lush, tropical rainforests to heather and trees; from valley and open moorland to a lunar landscape of alpine desert, finally reaching the arctic environment of the summit.

Mount Kilimanjaro stands 330 km south of the equator, on the northern boundary of Tanzania. Its location on an open plain close to the Indian Ocean, and its great size and height strongly influence the climate and thus its vegetation, animal life and climbing conditions. Its long axis lies in a northwest to southeast for 60km and at its widest part Kilimanjaro is 40km across.

More about climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro!

Mt. Meru

The dramatic crater of Mt Meru, located within Arusha National Park, is an unforgettable experience. Its lower slopes are covered in dense highland forest, where colobus monkeys play and buffalo graze concealed beneath the thick foliage. The extinct volcano’s extensive base give way to perfectly formed crater, and another internal crater with sharp, sheer cliffs. An ash cone forms a subsidiary peak and a Momela Lakes and Ngurdoto Crater are visible from Meru’s slopes.

More about Mt. Meru

Oldonyo Lengai

Overlooking Lake Natron and the bush land of Kenya to the north, Oldonyo Lengai, which means “the home of God” in Maasai, is an active volcano and one of Tanzania’s most spectacular and undiscovered climbs. The volcano erupts sporadically, sending small streams of grey lava down the crater rim and spitting hot ash high into the air. The climb undertaken overnight so hikers can experience sunrise over the Rift Valley escarpment, is highly challenging.

Usambara Mountains

The Usambara Mountains are part of the Eastern Arc chain in the north-eastern part of the country. Their western and eastern ranges are divided by 4 km wide valley of small villages and farms, and hiking trails cover the foothills and larger peaks. Day walks and overnight treks take visitors through some of the most concentrated areas of biodiversity in Africa. Bird watching is especially rewarding, and the views from the mountaintops stretch over the Maasai Steppe and, on a clear day, as far as the Indian Ocean.