What You Need to Know

Climate

Tanzania’s climate is predominantly tropical. Coastal areas are usually hot and humid, but on the beaches sea breeze cools the air considerably. The average day temperature is 30.c. Tanzania has two rainy seasons – the long rains from late March to June and short rains from November to late December. The long rains fall in heavy downpours, often accompanied by violent storms, but short rains tend to be much less severe. The hottest time of the year is from December to March before the long rains begin. The coolest months are June, July and August, when the weather is often overcast. In high altitude areas such as Kilimanjaro and Ngorongoro highlands temperature falls below freezing.

Entry requirements

A valid passport. Most visitors to Tanzania require a visa to enter the country. Three-month-single-entry tourist visa are available at Tanzanian embassies in your country, price subject to nationality. Contact your local embassy or visit www.tanzanianembassy.com for further details.

Airport tax

Departure tax from mainland Tanzania is included in the price of your ticket, however in Zanzibar there is a departure tax of $25 payable at the airport. There is TSH 5, 000 (approx $5) tax levied on passengers within Tanzania.

Getting there

By air

Tanzania has three international airports:
Dar-es-Salaam International Airport
Kilimanjaro International Airport and Zanzibar International Airport.
Dar-es-Salaam International Airport

Located 15km southwest of Dar-es-Salaam and takes approximately 25 minutes to reach by car from downtown. Airport facilities include a duty free shop, car hire, post office, banking, bureau de change and bar and restaurant.

International airlines include

British Airways, KLM, Swiss Air, Emirates, Ethiopian Airways, South African Airways, Air India, Air Malawi, Air Mozambique, Air Zimbabwe, Air Tanzania, Kenya Airways and Precision Air.

Kilimanjaro International Airport

Lies 40km from Arusha and takes approximately 45 minutes to reach by car. Facilities include curio shops, post office and bar and restaurant. Shuttle bus service run regularly from both Arusha and Moshi town.

International airlines include; KLM, Ethiopian Airlines, Kenya Airways and Precision Air.

Zanzibar International Airport

Located approximately 7km from the center of Stone Town and takes approximately 15 minutes to reach by car. Facilities include a restaurant, bureau de change and curio shops.

International airlines include, South African Airways, Air Tanzania, Kenya Airways and Precision Air.

By road

From the north, paved road connect the Kenyan capital of Nairobi with Arusha and cross the border at the Namanga Post. A number of Shuttle buses, leaving twice daily between the two cities, also follow this route. The trip takes approximately 4-6 hours. From the south, the road from Malawi enters Tanzania at Karonga before continuing onwards to Mbeya. There are no viable bus services along this route. It is possible to cross the border from Uganda at the Mutukula border post, but transport options are equally limited.

International roads connect Arusha and Dar-es-Salaam to major towns around the country.

Roads to major tourist destination are either already paved or under construction. There are a number of reliable bus service operators running throughout Tanzania.

Banking

Banks and Bureau de Change are available at airports and in all major towns. Banking hours are from Monday-Friday 8:30 a.m. to 3 p.m., Saturdays 8:30 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. A few branches in the major towns are open until 4 p.m. Please note that banks are closed on Sundays.

Credit cards and traveler’s cheques

Credit cards (Access, MasterCard, Visa, American-Express and Euro-card) are accepted only at major hotels, lodges and travel agents. A surcharge may be added to this service. ATM and 24 hour cash machines are available in branches of major banks. Travelers cheques in pound sterling or US $ are recommended, though it may be difficult to exchange them outside major cities.

Communication

International Direct Dial is available. The country code for Tanzania is +255. The outgoing international code is 00 for the United States, or 000 for all other countries. Public call boxes in post offices and main towns operate on a card system, available from most small shops. Several cellular phone companies operate in Tanzania and roaming lines work near most major cities and towns. Internet cafes are plentiful in major city centers.

Health

Tanzania has tropical climate and different bacteria flora and fauna than most visitors are accustomed to, so it is advisable to take a few health precautions when traveling to make sure your trip goes as comfortably and smoothly as possible. Malaria is usually top on the list of visitor’s worries, and prevention goes a long way towards keeping you protected. Make sure to visit your doctor to get a prescription for the anti-malarial drugs that best suit you. The yellow-fever vaccination is no longer officially required when entering Tanzania; however this is still requirement if you wish to visit Zanzibar. Other vaccinations should be considered. For more information contact your doctor well in advance of your visit.